Biological Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 16-30; DOI: 10.31058/j.bs.2017.11002 10.31058/j.bs.2017.11002

Quality of Raw Milk Available at Different Markets of Bangladesh

Biological Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 16-30.

DOI: 10.31058/j.bs.2017.11002

Md. Mahedi Hasan 1* , Md. Touhiduzzaman Sarker 2 , Adhita Sri Prabakusuma 3 , Md Shahidul Islam 4

1 Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

2 Department of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

3 Department of Food Technology, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia

4 Department of Plant Pathology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, China

Received: 24 November 2017; Accepted: 8 December 2017; Published: 9 January 2018

Download PDF | Views 335 | Download 201

Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the quality of raw milk collected from different markets of Bangladesh. Test for quality was carried out at the Dairy Technology and Microbiology Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. For this purpose the samples were collected from Newmarket (T1), Kewatkhali bazar (T2) and Charpara (T3) located in the Mymensingh town, Bangladesh. Parameters used to monitor the quality of milk samples were physical (organoleptic and specific gravity), chemical (% acidity), fat (g/kg), ash(g/kg), protein (g/kg), lactose (g/kg), TS (g/kg), SNF (g/kg)-and microbiological (TVC and coliform count). From the physical parameter, it appeared that the quality of milk of the three markets was similar in respect of color, taste, and flavor. The chemical composition of Newmarket (T1) was better than the other two sources of milk samples. All the raw milk samples did not fulfill the legal standard of milk composition. Microbiological parameters also showed a higher count in all raw milk samples than the standard. Morning milk was slightly lower than the evening milk in term of chemical composition. However, the specific gravity of morning samples was higher than the evening milk samples.

Keywords

Raw Milk, Quality, Microbiological Parameter, Chemical Composition, Bangladesh

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] Murphy, S.C.; Martin, N.H.; Barbano, D.M.; Wiedmann, M. Influence of raw milk quality on processed dairy products: How do raw milk quality test results relate to product quality and yield? J. Dairy Sci. 2016, 99(12), 10128-10149.
[2] U. S. Public Health Services. (1965). Grade A Pasteurise milk ordiance. U.S. Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare Service. P.I.
[3] Itzerott, G. Notes on milk and indigenous dairy products of Pakistan. Dairy Sci. Abstr. 1960, 22(3), 7-11.
[4] Byron, H.W.; Arnold, H.J.; John, A.A. Fundamentals of dairy chemistry, 2nd Ed.; Westport, Connecticut. The Avi Publishing Company, Inc. 1974, 2-8.
[5] Sayem, A.Z.M. Hand book on Milk Production. Bangladesh Milk Producers Co-operative Union Ltd. (Milk Vita), 1986, 139-140, Tejgaon I/A. Dhaka- 1208.
[6] Foster, E.M.; Nelson, F.E.; Speek, M.L.; Doetsch, R.N.; Olson, J.C. Dairy Microbiology. MacMillan Co. Ltd. London. 1958, 115-122 and 137-140.
[7] Sarker, M.N.I. Poverty of Island Char Dwellers in Bangladesh. Hamburg, Diplomica Publishing GmbH, Germany. 2016, 85. Available online: http://www.anchor-publishing.com/e-book/318628/poverty-of-island-char-dwellers-in-bangladesh (accessed on 24 November 2017).
[8] Sarker, M.N.I.; Barman, S.C.; Islam, M.M.; Islam, M.R.; Chakma, A.S. Role of lemon (Citrus limon) production on livelihoods of rural people in Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2017, 3(1), 167-175.
[9] Sarker, M.N.I.; Kashem, M.A.; Rahman, M.Z. Poverty Alleviation of Rural People through Chars Livelihoods Programme. J. Bangladesh Soc. Agric. Sci. Technol. 2007, 4(3-4), 203-208.
[10] Sarker, M.N.I.; Ali, M.A.; Islam, M.S. Causes and possible solutions of poverty perceived by char dwellers in Bangladesh. International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 2015, 2(1), 37-41.
[11] Sarker, M.N.I. Causes and possible solutions of seasonal food insecurity (Monga) perceived by char dwellers in Bangladesh. International Journal of Ecology and Development Research, 2016, 1(1), 002-009.
[12] Sarker, M.N.I.; Sultana, A. An Investigation into the Status of Riverbank (Char) Women Dwellers in Bangladesh. International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research, 2017, 1(1), 86-92.
[13] Sarker, M.N.I. Role of Banks on Agricultural Development in Bangladesh. International Journal of Ecology and Development Research, 2016, 1(1), 010-015.
[14] Torkar, K.G.; Teger, S.G. The Microbiological quality of raw milk after introducing the two days milk collecting system. Acta Agri. Slovenica. 2008, 92(1), 61-74.
[15] Grandin, T. Evaluation of the welfare of cattle housed in outdoor feedlot pens. Veterinary and Animal Science, 2016, 1, 23-28.
[16] Brooks, J.C.; Martinez, B.; Stratton, J.; Bianchini, A.; Krokstrom, R.; Hutkins, R. Survey of raw milk cheeses for microbiological quality and prevalence of food borne pathogens. Food Microbiology, 2012, 31(2), 154-158.
[17] Fuentes E.; Bogue, J.; Gómez, C.; Vargas, J.; Gal, P.Y.L. Effects of dairy husbandry practices and farm types on raw milk quality collected by different categories of dairy processors in the Peruvian Andes. Trop Anim Health Prod, 2014, 46(8), 1419-1426.
[18] Ruangwittayanusorna, K.; Promketa, D.; Chantiratikula, A. Monitoring the Hygiene of Raw Milk from Farms to Milk Retailers. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 2016, 11, 95-99.
[19] Bramley, A.J.; McKinnon, C.H. The Microbiology of Raw Milk. In: Dairy microbiology, I. Robinson RK (Ed.), London, NY, Elsevier Applied Sci. 1990, 171.
[20] Castro, H.; Ruusunen, M.; Lindström, M. Occurrence and growth of Listeria monocytogenes in packaged raw milk. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2017, 261, 1-10.
[21] Cousin, M.A. Presence and activity of psychrotrophic microorganisms in milk and dairy products: A review. Journal of Food Protection, 1982, 45(2), 172-207.
[22] Nelson, J.A.; Trouht, G.M. Judging Dairy Products. 4th Rev. Ed. The Olsen Pub. Co. Michigan. 1964, 63-128.
[23] Aggarwala, A.C.; Sharma, R.M. A laboratory manual of milk inspection. Printed in India by Z.T. Bandkwala at leaders press private limited, Bombay and published by P.S. Jayusinghe, 4th Ed.; Asia Publishing House, Bombay, India, 1961.
[24] American Public Health Association. Standard Methods for Examination of Dairy Products, 11th Ed.; ALPHA, Inc. New York, 1960, 50-53.
[25] American Public Health Association. Recommended Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Food. ALPHA, Inc. New York, 1958.
[26] Judkins, H.F.; Mack, M.J. The principle of dairying, 3rd Rev. Ed.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York. 1955, 31.
[27] Eckles, C.H.; Combs, W.B.; Macy, H. Milk and milk prducts, 4th Ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York, 1951, 49-67.
[28] Islam, M.N.; Hosanna, S.M.I.; Harman, A.K.M.A. Studies on the physical parameters and chemical qualities of market milk in Mymensingh town (Bangladesh). Bang. J. An. Sci. 1984, 13(1-2), 52-56.
[29] Murphy, S.C.; Martin, N.H.; Barbano, D.M.; Wiedmann, M. Influence of raw milk quality on processed dairy products: How do raw milk quality test results relate to product quality and yield? Journal of Dairy Science, 2016, 99(12), 10128-10149.
[30] Foley, R.C.; Bath, D.D.; Diokinson, E.M.; Tucker, H.A. Dairy Cattle: Principles Practice Problems Profits. Lea and Febiger; Philadelphia, USA, 1972, 72-73.
[31] Olson, T.M. Elements of Dairying. 6th Ed. The Macmillan Company. New York, 1956, 230-233.
[32] Yadav, A.N.; Saraswat, B.L. Note on the physical and chemical qualities of market milk in Varanasi Town. India. Asian J. Res. 1982, 1(1), 74-76.
[33] Ito, R. Variation in the quality of raw milk. Japanese J. Dairy Sci. 1966, 15(1), 11-18.
[34] Salam, A.M. Studies on the physical, chemical and microbiological qualities of milk produced in Baghaban Milk shed Area. M. Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1993.
[35] Rahman, A.K.M.M. A study on the physical and chemical qualities of milk collected from different plants of Bangladesh Milk Producers Co-operative Union Ltd. (Milk Vita). M. Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Dairy science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1995.
[36] Azad, M.A.K. Studies on the physical, chemical and microbiological qualities of milk collected from selected milk producing societies of Baghabarighat dairy plant, Milk Vita. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1998.
[37] Alam, M.M. Study on the quality of raw milk produced by individual farmers and mixed milk collected from different centres of four Thana of Kisoregonj district under Aftab Bahumukhi Farm Limited. M. S. Thesis, Dept. of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1998.
[38] Lampert, L.M. Modern Dairy Products. 3rd Ed. Chemical Publising company, Inc. New York, 1970, 137-143.
[39] Bae, I.H.; Seung, J.W. Study on the effects of farm water quality on the microbiological quality of raw milks. Korean J. Dairy Sci. 1992, 14(2), 139-147.
[40] Talukder, O.G.M. A study on the physical and chemical qualities of milk collected from different markets and villages of Trial Upazilla. M. Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1989.
[41] Yoshida, S. Composition of market milk in Fukuyama. Dairy Sci. Abstr. 1969, 32(10), 661.
[42] Mishra, M.; Nayak, N.C. Analysis of milk in indigenous cows of Orissa and the effect to stage and number of lactation on its composition. Indian Vet. J. 1962, 39, 203-207.
[43] Zheng, N.; Sun, P.; Wang, J.Q.; Zhen, Y.P.; Han, R.W.; Xu, X.M. Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in UHT milk and pasteurized milk in China market. Food Control, 2013, 29(1), 198-201.
[44] Ali, M.S.A study on the quality of milk consumed by students different halls and residential people of Bangladesh agricultural University, Mymensingh. M. S. Thesis, Department of Dairy Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1999.
[45] Furlani, R.P.Z.; Dias, F.F.G.; Nogueira, P.M.; Gomes, F.M.L.; Tfouni, S.A.V.; Camargo, M.C.R. Occurrence of macrocyclic lactones in milk and yogurt from Brazilian market. Food Control, 2015, 48, 43-47.
[46] Kalmus, P.; Kramarenko, T.; Roasto, M.; Meremae, K.; Viltrop, A. Quality of raw milk intended for direct consumption in Estonia. Food Control, 2015, 51, 135-139.
[47] Millogo, V.; Sjaunja, K.S.; Ouédraogo, G.A.; Agenäs, S. Raw milk hygiene at farms, processing units and local markets in Burkina Faso. Food Control, 2010, 21(7), 1070-1074.

Related Articles