Urban Design, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Jun  2018, Pages 1-11; DOI: 10.31058/j.ud.2017.11001 10.31058/j.ud.2017.11001

Assessment of Adaptation Strategies to Flooding Impacts in Nigeria - A Review

Urban Design, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Jun  2018, Pages 1-11.

DOI: 10.31058/j.ud.2017.11001

Nurudeen Akinsola Bello 1* , Wasiu Ayobami Durosinmi 1 , Risikatu Isyaku Abdulkarim 2

1 Department of Estate Management, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

2 Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Received: 4 December 2017; Accepted: 18 December 2017; Published: 3 January 2018

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 717 | Download 430

Abstract

Flooding is one of the climate change natural disasters generated by human activities which constitute a threat to human life, property and the built environment. Although risks from such cannot be fully eliminated, however, adaptation to climate change can reduce the exposure and vulnerability to extreme climate and sustain the built environment. This work surveyed literature on climate change flooding and its effects on Nigerian built environment to find out that most developed nations with longer water bodies and greater exposure to flooding disaster have been able to curtail the negative effects of climate change induced flooding over the years than Nigeria were able to minimize the negative effects of climate change flooding on their built environment whereas, Nigeria with comparable minimum and manageable length of water bodies continuously have higher negative impacts from flooding. The application of adaptation theory will mitigate against the effect of climate change flooding and lead to the achievement of a sustainable built environment in Nigeria. The work eventually recommended concerted efforts of all stakeholders in the built environment to cooperate among themselves for the actualization of gains of adaptation approach to climate change flooding in Nigeria towards achieving sustainable built environment.

Keywords

Adaptation, Built Environment, Climate Change, Flooding, Sustainable- Development

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] ADEOFUN, C.A. (2011). Human activities and natural disasters as major impediments to sustainable development. A paper delivered at the MCPD of Ogun state branch of Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) at Abeokuta on 1st December 2011.
[2] ADEROGBA, K. (2012). Substantive Causes and Effects of Floods in South Western Nigeria and Sustainable Development of the Cities and Towns. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 3(4), 551-560.
[3] AKANNI, O., and BILESANMI, L. (2011). Flood: Lagos Residents Forced to Relocate and Drowning Teenager Rescued. Published by Vanguard Media Limited Lagos. Friday, (July10), pp 20.
[4] BARROS, T.F. STOCKER, D. QIN, D.J. DOKKEN, K.L. EBI, M.D. Z. SEN, I.A. and MOSHA, A.C. (2011). The effect of climate change on urban human settlements in Africa in climate change and sustainable urban development in Africa and Asia. Netherlands, Springer; 69-100
[5] CHUKWU, G.U & OKEKE, C.T. (2015). Assessment of the effects of climate change on solar radiation, relative humidity and temperature in Southwestern Nigeria, International Journal of Innovative Science and Engineering Technology Research 3(1); 27-41
[6] ECLIPSE RESEARCH CONSULTANTS ERC (2010). Climate change, it is time to act-Adapting to the impact of climate change on buildings, neighbourhoods and cities a briefing guide for the North West. Prepared on behalf of CCI NW, Cambridge, March pp 1-35 available at http://www.climatechangenorthwest.co.uk/for the Northwest Climate Change Adaptation Group, Cambridge, March
[7] ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (2007). Stepping stones; river flooding. No 1 in the series of educational fact sheet available at www. environmentagency.gov.uk
[8] INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPCC) (2012). Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.
[9] NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (NEMA) 2012
[10] OGBONNA I.O. and OTEGBULU A. (2014). Valuers and security of investments in coastal/riverine areas in times of climate change. Paper delivered at NIESV 44th national conference held at Uyo, Akwa Ibom State on 25-29 March.
[11] OJO, O. (2011). Flooding, a major impediment to sustainable environment, being a paper delivered at the MCPD of Ogun state branch of Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) at Abeokuta on 1st December 2011.
[12] OLADOKUN, T.T. (2016). Effects of climate change on commercial properties in Lagos State, Nigeria, African Journal of built environment research, 1(1); 15-27, August.
[13] OLUSINA J.O.and ODUMADE O.M. (2012). Modelling climatic variation parameters of Nigeria using the statistical downscaling approaches. FIG Working Week 2012 TSO7F-Task force on surveyors and the climate change II,6099.
[14] OMISORE E. O. (2011). Flooding , a major impediment to sustainable environment, being a paper delivered at the MCPD of Ogun state branch of Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) at Abeokuta on 1ST December 2011
[15] ORUONYE, E.D (2015). Flooding hazards cape mapping in Jalingo metropolis, Taraba State, Nigeria: International Journal of Innovative Environment Studies Research, 3(2), 36-46, April-June.
[16] PATUNOLA-AJAYI, B.J. (2014). Maritime, coastal and inland water investment and management in national development. Paper delivered at NIESV 44th national conference held at Uyo, Akwa-Ibom State on 25-29 March.
[17] SATTERTHWAITE, D., HUQ, S., PELLING, M., REID, H. and PATRICIA ROMERO LANKAO, P.R. (2007).Adapting to Climate Change in Urban Areas The possibilities and constraints in low- and middle-income nations’ Human Settlements Discussion Paper Series Theme: Climate Change and Cities-1 working paper produced by the Human Settlements Group
[18] SATTERTHWAITE, D., (2008). Climate Change and Urbanization: Effects and Implications for Urban Governance. Paper presented at the United Nations Expert Meeting on Population Distribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration and Development, New York, NY, 21-23 January 2008, United Nations Population Division, New York, NY,29 pp.,un.org/esa/population/meetings/EGM_PopDist/P16_Satterthwaite.pdf.
[19] SMITH, K., and WARD, R. (1998). Floods Physical Processes and Human Impacts. John Wiley, Chichester, UK,.UKCIP(2009).available at http://www.ukcip.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=54&Itemid=179
[20] TILAHUN, U., BEDEMO, A. and MARKOS, K. (2014). Farmer’s perception of an adaptation to Climate change through conservation agriculture: The case of Guto Gida and Sasiga districts, Western Ethopia, Centrepoint Journal (science edition), a Journal intellectual, scientific and cultural interest, 20(2) Dec 2014 CPJ2014020/20208, 103-130
[21] UNITED NATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME UNDP (2010). Climate change, an overview’ available at http://www.unep.org/climatechange/
[22] USMAN, B.A. and TUNDE A.M. (2009). Climate change and sustainable development in Nigeria planning for climate resilient cities in law and climate in Nigeria edited by Egbewole W.O., Munthar, A.E. and Olugbenga A.O. University of Ilorin: Ilorin. 107-121
[23] HINDSLEY, P, HAMILTON, S.E and MORGAN, O.A (2013). Gulf Views: Towards a Better Understanding of Viewshed Scope in Hedonic Property Models, Journal of Real Finance Economics.

Related Articles