Advancements in Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 14-24; DOI: 10.31058/j.am.2017.11002 10.31058/j.am.2017.11002

Aloe Vera Skin: A New Bio Material for the Coloration of Silk Fabric and Evaluation of Fastness and Color Strength

Advancements in Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 14-24.

DOI: 10.31058/j.am.2017.11002

Md Shamim Alam 1* , Md. Rubel Khan 1 , Jubayer Ahmed 1

1 Department of Textile Engineering, Southeast University, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Received: 6 December 2017; Accepted: 15 December 2017; Published: 3 January 2018

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Abstract

In this study, silk fabric was dyed with aloe veras skin, a process that may pose environmental risks where dyeing process was done without Mordanting. Aloe veras skin was used as the source of natural dyes (both in liquid form and powder form). Extracted dyes were applied on 100% scoured & bleached silk fabric in two different methods. One is dry method (dyes are in powder form) and another is liquid method (dyes are in solution form). In dry method 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% shade were applied on silk fabric and in liquid method we made the juice 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% applied on silk fabric. The colour strength (K ⁄ S), light, washing and rubbing fastness levels of the dyed fabrics were investigated. The samples dyeing with the above recipe showed superior rubbing fastness, wash fastness and light fastness with a standard colour yield. The most important point is that two colors (one is golden yellow and another one is green) were found by using aloe veras skin. Although every natural dyes gives only one color but here we have successfully found two colors. Finally dyeing of silk with natural dyes from waste aloe veras skin could be a sustainable and economical substitute for synthetic dyeing.

Keywords

Aloe Veras Skin, Silk Fabric, Eco Friendly, Wastewater, Natural Dyeing

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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