Energy Research, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 13-21; DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2017.11002 10.31058/j.er.2017.11002

Energy Conservation Techniques for Residential Building in Arid Climate Regions

Energy Research, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 13-21.

DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2017.11002

Ashraf Balabel 1* , Mamdooh Alwetaishi 2

1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

2 Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

Received: 25 December 2017; Accepted: 8 January 2018; Published: 13 January 2018

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 440 | Download 264

Abstract

According to the vision of Saudi Arabia 2030, more attention has been given for the application of renewable energy in addition to the optimization of energy consumption in standing residential and industrial buildings. It is well known that, residential buildings account for more than 60% of the total electricity consumption in Saudi Arabia due to cooling and heating loads. Most of research carried out aiming to improve building which is designed from the first stage. However, the dominant amount of energy is consumed by the exciting buildings which are built without guide for energy efficiency. The present paper provides different suggestions for standing buildings in hot and dry climate cities in order to be much efficient buildings through minimising their energy consumptions. A typical residential building’s model in the city of Riyadh is simulated numerically to reduce the total energy consumption for heating and cooling loads using different strategies of energy saving. The numerical results are obtained using one of the most powerful energy simulations (TAS EDSL) which is used globally to predict energy efficiency in buildings. In general, the results obtained showed that the size of glazing system is the most important parameter which can be modified in the exciting buildings to become much efficient energy buildings.

Keywords

Energy Saving Techniques, Numerical Prediction, Residential Buildings, Thermal Analyses, Hot and Dry Climate Cities

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] Hanan M. Taleb; Steve Sharples. Developing sustainable residential buildings in Saudi Arabia: A case study. Applied Energy, 2011, 88(1), 383-391.
[2] Fanger, P.O. Thermal Comfort. Danish Technical Press, Copenhagen, 1970, 21-23. ISBN: 0-07-019915-9.
[3] Banerjee, R. Importance of Net Zero Energy Building, International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering, 2015, 2(5), 141-145.
[4] Lawal, A.F.; Ojo, O.J. Assessment of Thermal Performance of Residential Buildings in Ibadan Land, Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trend in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS), 2011, 2(4), 581-586.
[5] Hany Abd Elshakour M. Ali; Ibrahim A. Al-Sulaihi; Khalid S. Al-Gahtani. Indicators for measuring performance of building construction companies in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 2013, 25(2), 125-134.
[6] Hassan Radhi; Steve Sharples. Energy Performance Benchmarking (EPB): A system to measure building energy efficiency, PLEA 2008 - 25th Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Dublin, 22nd to 24th October 2008.
[7] Oktay, D. Planning housing environments for sustainability. Evaluations in Cypriot settlements, Istanbul: Yapi Industri Markezi AS., 2001.
[8] Markus, K.; Morris, E. Buildings, Climate and Energy. London Pitman Publication, 1980.
[9] Vanwalleghem, T.; Meentemeyer, R. Predicting Forest Microclimate in Heterogeneous Landscapes. Ecosystems, 2009, 12(7), 1158-1172.
[10] Dimoudia, A.; Kantzioura, A.; Zorasa, S.; Pallasb, C.; Kosmopoulosa, P. Investigation of urban microclimate parameters in an urban center. Energy and Buildings, 2013, 64, 1-9.
[11] Nurdan M.; Aibek K.; Amantur T. Ospanov. Improvement of Parameters of Microclimate of Underground Thermos Greenhouses. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 2016, 11(11), 7373-7384.
[12] Kanagaraj, G.; Mahalingam, A. Designing energy efficient commercial buildings-A systems framework. Energy and Buildings, 2011, 43(9), 2329-2343.
[13] Anna L.P.; Gloria P.; Veronica L.C.; Franco C. The Impact of Local Microclimate Boundary Conditions on Building Energy Performance. Sustainability, 2015, 7(7), 9207-9230.
[14] Nazhatulzalkis J.; Nurul I.M.; Mohd F.K.; Suriani N.A.W. Thermal Comfort of Residential Building in Malaysia at Different Micro-Climates. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015, 170, 613-623.
[15] Alwetaishi, M. Impact of glazing to wall ratio in various climatic regions: A case study. Journal of King Saud University- Engineering Science (in press).