Agricultural Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 89-98; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22008 10.31058/j.as.2018.22008

Comparative Performances of Different Varieties of Maize under Organic, Inorganic and Combined (Organic and inorganic) Fertilization

, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 89-98.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22008

Abdulraheem M. I. 1* , Charles E.F. 2 , Moshood A. Y. 3 , Omogoye A. M. 1

1 Department of Agricultural Science Education, The College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria

2 Nigeria institute for Oilpalm Research, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

3 University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Received: 23 December 2017; Accepted: 26 February 2018; Published: 4 April 2018

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Abstract

The current world-wide shortage of fertilizer and its anticipated adverse effect on food production has made many countries to explore the manorial value of organic manure to reduce pressure on the demand for mineral fertilizer as complementary use. The trial was carried out at the Teaching and Research farm of The College of Education, Lanlate, Southwest Nigeria as a rain fed pot experiment to determine the performance of different varieties of maize under organic, inorganic and combined fertilization. There were two varieties of maize (Sweet maize and Swan LSRY) and four fertilization (i.e. control, inorganic, organic and organomineral). Each of the maize varieties was tested with the varying fertilization making a total of eight (8) treatments for the experiment. Each treatment was replicated thrice using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). In the experiment, plant height, stem girth and number of leaves were collected at 2,4,6,8 and 10 weeks after planting. The treatments with organic and organomineral fertilizer (inorganic + organic) with each of the maize varieties gave the highest plant height in relative to the use of inorganic fertilizer or control. The variety treated with organic fertilizer gave the highest stem girth at 2WAP with the least recorded at the control.  Also, the plant treated with complementary application of organic and inorganic fertilizer gave the highest value from 4 WAP to 10WAP; however the least was also recorded at the control. Though there were no significant different in the number of leaves at 8 and 10WAP for both maize varieties, however the use of organomineral fertilizer for Swan maize gave the highest number of leaves at 4 and 6 WAP.

Keywords

Maize, Organic, Inorganic, Organomineral, Fertilizer

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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