Environment, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2018, Pages 32-41; DOI: 10.31058/j.envi.2018.21002 10.31058/j.envi.2018.21002

Effect of Sand Winning on Agriculture and Its Socioeconomic Impact on the Community: A Case Study of Atwima Twedie, Ashanti Region, Ghana

Environment, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2018, Pages 32-41.

DOI: 10.31058/j.envi.2018.21002

Adams Sadick 1* , Gabriel Quansah 1 , Ekow Gaisie 2 , Edward Calys-Tagoe 3

1 Analytical Services, CSIR-Soil Research institute, Academy Post office, Kumasi, Ghana

2 Soil and Water Conservation, CSIR-Soil Research institute, Academy Post office, Kumasi, Ghana

3 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition, CSIR-Soil Research institute, Post office, Kumasi, Ghana

Received: 24 December 2017; Accepted: 30 January 2018; Published: 12 March 2018

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A study was conducted at Twedie in the Atwima Kwanwoma District in the Ashanti Region of Ghana to assess the current levels of soil nutrients at the sand winning site, compare with a closed farmland (undegraded land) which is of the same geology with the study area and the socio-economic effect of the people. Ten (10) soil samples were taken each from these areas and transported to the laboratory for analysis for the levels of pH, N, C, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na and CEC. The cation exchange capacity (CEC), pH, Nitrogen, Organic matter of undisturbed land varied from 3.18me/100g, 5.56, 0.11% and 2.92% to 4.65me/100g, 6.42, 0.23% and 4.01% with average of 3.75me/100g, 6.13, 0.16% and 3.47% which were far higher than the values from the disturbed land. A field survey was also done to assess the level of education and employment situation of the indigenes in the area. The results showed that there was significant difference in terms of soil nutrient levels between the undisturbed and degraded land. The men in the town have also resorted to sand winning activity and this has affected food production, high illiteracy level and other activities.


Sand Winning, Land Degradation, Atwima Twedie, Natural forest, Farm Land


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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