Energy Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2018, Pages 1-12; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

Renewable Energies Resources and Future of Their Use. Albania Case Study

Energy Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2018, Pages 1-12.

DOI: 10.31058/

Dr. Mirela Tase 1* , Dr. ing Eli Vyshka 2 , Dr.Manjola Xhaferri 3

1 Department of Tourism, Faculty of Business, “Aleksander Moisiu” University Durres, Albania

2 Department Engineering and Marine Sciences, Faculty of Professional Studies “Aleksander Moisiu” University, Durres, Albania

3 Department of Political Science, Faculty of Political Science and Low, “Aleksander Moisiu” University Durres, Albania

Received: 29 December 2017; Accepted: 24 January 2018; Published: 26 February 2018

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 301 | Download 181


Albania is among the countries with the highest potential for renewable energy production in Europe. Physical and geographical conditions in Albania offer a very diverse climate and rich in term of renewable energies. For this reason, our country has very favorable conditions for solar energy development, including: a. average solar radiation 4.1kWh/m², b. average sunny hours per year are 2400 hours. Similarly, water resources are among the most important natural resources in Albania. Eight large rivers, fed by hundreds of rivers and small streams flowing through the country from the mountains to the east toward the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea in the west. Albania has an untapped potential of wind power, particularly along the Adriatic coast with defined space with high potential for wind power development where the annual average wind speed ranges from 6m - 8m/s. Few countries in European continent have a weaving of water resources in the same room where the observed sources and solar energy, wind or biomass without skipping and sea, which we really refer to technical indicators, which constitute a potential first stop should seriously and carefully, our country has the opportunity to make radical changes in the development policies so far not only in the energy sector but also in separate directions of social economic development. Material and methods used individually are based on data obtained from the relevant ministry which will serve to show us the way these renewable energy can be applicable not only in the industrial sector but also the family that showing the advantages and difficulties in successfully implementing their implementation. This paper aims to show the opportunities that our country offers in terms of sources of renewable energy that it possesses and the capacity to be free from dependence on the use of fuel by positioning the renewable energy sector as one of the priority sectors.


Renewable Energies, Opportunity, Healthy Environment, Natural Resource


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Alisov, Polltarous, Climatology Published, 1974.
[2] Academy of Science, Hydrology of Albania, Published, 1985.
[3] Albania Climate Vulnerability Evaluation, Report of World Bank, Published 2009, 2013. 2015.
[4] J.M.Hellawell, Pollution monitoring series, Pollution and environment management.
[5] King:Pliazhi i Beregas, 1963.
[6] K. A.M King, Beaches and Coast, Published, 1963.
[7] Graphic and data from Institute of Meteorology.
[8] Http://
[9] Http://
[10] Monthly Climate Bulletin January-December 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.
[11] Ministry of Defense: Sailing Guide for the Adriatic and Ionian Sea, Brochure, 1997.
[12] Ministry of Environment for Forestry and Water Administration.
[13] National Energy Strategy for the period up to 2015. AKE 2003.
[14] Pano N: Water Resources of Albania, 2008.
[15] Pano N, A.Selenica: Elements of the waving regime at the Albanian coast, Geographical Studies No. 1, 1985.
[16] Shukri sh. Fetahu1, Qazim Kukalaj, Imer Rusinovci, Sali aliu. `Evaluation of resources and renewable energy production from reziduat biomass wood for sustainable development in Kosovo, October, 2015.
[17] Renewable energy resources and energy efficiency in Albania Project 2009 Report.
[18] Renewable energy potentials of Albania, Orion Zavalani etc al, Polytechnic University of Tirana.
[19] Report on the energy of sea waves in the territory of Albania, INEUM 2008, 2013, 2015.
[20] Report on environmental problems , Environment Ministry of Albania, Published, 2016, 2017
[21] Report of Energy Price and Taxes, Ministry of Finance, Published, 2006.
[22] Report of Energy Price and Taxes, International Energy Agency Published, 2006
[23] Zorba P. Climatology - AlbPaper Edition, Tirane, 2009.