Agricultural Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 70-79; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22006 10.31058/j.as.2018.22006

Soil Cover in the North Urals

Agricultural Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 70-79.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22006

Iraida Samofalova 1*

1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Soil Science, Agrochemistry, Ecology and Merchandising, Perm State Agro-Technological University, Perm, Russia

Received: 1 January 2018; Accepted: 29 January 2018; Published: 13 March 2018

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Abstract

We have studied the conditions of formation and morphological features of mountain soils in the Northern Urals. The purpose of the research was to study morphological and genetic features and classify soils of the Homgi-Nel Mountain within the western North Urals macroslope. In mountain areas, a detailed morphological description of soils is particularly important since at higher altitude soil forming conditions cause formation of soils with pronounced differences in color, structure and thickness of the horizons. Subject of the research: mountain soils in Vishersky Natural Reserve, the fourth largest reserve in Europe. It is located in the extreme north-east of the Perm region in the river Vishera headwaters. Its territory is situated within mountains with 800–1200 meters level difference embracing fragments of central backbones of the Urals. The diversity of soil forming conditions causes diversity of soil cover. Based on morphogenetic soil characteristics, the following divisions are highlighted: Leptosols, Glandular-metamorphic, Structural and Metamorphic, and Organo-accumulative. We have discovered the following basic morphogenetic soil characteristics: rubbility, truncated profile, distinct horizontation, gleyzation, ferrugination, and podzolization. Types of soils have vertical development limits. Soil-topographic series are geometrically diverse and genetically diverse.

Keywords

Reserve, High-Altitude Zones, Vegetation, Mountain Soil, Genesis, Morphological Characteristics, Classification

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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