Agricultural Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 80-88; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22007 10.31058/j.as.2018.22007

Predatory Efficiency of Two Predator Ants on Coelaenomenodera Elaeidis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 80-88.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2018.22007

Aneni, T.I 1* , Aisagbonhi, C.I 1 , Adaigbe, V.C 1 , Iloba, V.C 2 , Aghayedo, C.O 1

1 Entomology Division, Nigerian institute for Oil Palm Research, Benin, Edo State, Nigeria

2 Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Benin, Benin, Edo State, Nigeria

Received: 3 January 2018; Accepted: 20 January 2018; Published: 23 March 2018

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Abstract

The predatory efficiency of Micromischoides sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected from an oil palm field in the main station of the Nigerian Institute for Oil palm Research for the control of the leaf miner larvae, Coelaenomenodera elaeidis, was investigated in the laboratory at ambient temperature of 270C ± 0.5; 80% ± 2.5 relative humidity and 12:12 h photoperiod. Predatory efficiency of the ants was tested on leaf miner larvae at 4, 24, 48 and 72 h. These were compared with untreated leaf miner larva (control). Chi-square test of significance was used to analyze predatory efficiency and time on the two ant species. Variation in seasonal predator abundance was evaluated. The results show that Micromischoides sp. destroyed the leaf miner larvae after 72 hours while Oecophylla longinoda were not observed to attack the larvae. This study identifies Micromischoides sp. as a predator which offers potential as a biocontrol agent for C. elaeidis.

Keywords

Predatory Efficiency, Micromischoides sp., Oecophylla longinoda, Leaf miner

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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