Energy Research, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 37-46; DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2017.11004 10.31058/j.er.2017.11004

Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Device Source of X-Ray Radiation

Energy Research, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 37-46.

DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2017.11004

Gamal M. Elaragi 1*

1 Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Department, Nuclear Research Center, EAEA, Cairo, Egypt

Received: 14 December 2017; Accepted: 28 December 2017; Published: 15 January 2018

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 469 | Download 281

Abstract

The aim of this paper introduces the preliminary results of the design and construction of first Egyptian inertial electrostatic confinement IEC fusion device. It consists of 2.8 cm stainless steel cathode, 6.5 cm anode diameter with 10 cm diameter 30 cm height vacuum chamber. The operation of IEC experiments has concentrated on pulsed operation to achieve the high currents required to generate increased reactions rates. The discharge voltage waveform with peak voltage 20kV and current pulse waveform has been registered using pick-up coil with peak current about 170mA. Experiments are performed with nitrogen as operating gas at different pressures and voltages. Time resolved of x-ray radiation signals are obtained using fast radiation detector.

Keywords

Detector, Plasma, Vacuum, Waveform, X-Rays

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] G.H. Miley; S.K. Murali. Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) Fusion. Fundamentals and Applications; Springer, 2014. ISBN 978-1-4614-9337-2.
[2] Hirsh, R.L. Inertial‐Electrostatic Confinement of Ionized Fusion Gases. J. Appl. Phys. 1967, 38, 4522.
[3] Hirsh, R.L. Experimental Studies of a Deep, Negative, Electrostatic Potential Well in Spherical Geometry. Phys. Fluids. 1968, 11, 2486.
[4] Miley, G.H., et al. Inertial-Electrostatic Confinement: An Approach to Burning Advanced Fuels. Fusion Sci. Technol. 1991, 19, 840-845.
[5] Miley, G.H. et al., in Dense Z-pinches (Proc. 3rd Int. Conf.), AIP, New York, 1994, 675.
[6] Thorson, T.A., et al. Fusion reactivity characterization of a spherically convergent ion focus. Nucl. Fusion. 1998, 38(4), 495-507.
[7] K. Masuda; K. Yoshikawa; T. Misawa; K. Yamauchi; Y. Takahashi; S. Shiroya; E. Hotta; M. Ohnishi; H. Osawa. Directional detection of nitrogen and hydrogen in explosive by use of a DD-fusion-driven thermal neutron source. Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism, Springer, the Netherlands, 2008, 155-166. ISBN 978-1-4020-8465-2.
[8] Available online: http://www.sodern.com/sites/en/ref/Neutron-Tube_78.html (accessed on 14 December 2017).
[9] McGuire T.J.; Sedwick R.J. Improved confinement in inertial electrostatic confinement for fusion space power reactors. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2005, 21(4), 697-706.
[10] Weidner J.W.; Kulcinski G.L.; Santarius J.F.; Ashley R.P.; Piefer G.; Cipiti B.; Radel R.; Krupakar Murali S. Production of 13N via inertial electrostatic confinement fusion. Fusion Sci Technol. 2003, 44(2), 539-543.
[11] Available online: http://www.cxro.lbl.gov/ (accessed on 14 December 2017).
[12] Nadler J.H.; Miley G.H.; Momota H.; Shaban Y.; Nam Y.; Coventry M. Neutron production and ionization efficiency in a gridded IEC device at high currents. Fusion Technol. 2001, 39(2), 492-497.
[13] Gamal M. El-Aragi. Building Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Device Aimed for a Small Neutron Source. International Journal of High Energy Physics, 2017, 4(6), 88-92.
[14] H. Ohgaki; I. Daito; H. Zen; T. Kii; K. Masuda; T. Misawa; R. Hajima; T. Hayakawa; T. Shizuma; M. Kando; S. Fujimoto. Nondestructive Inspection System for Special Nuclear Material Using Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Neutrons and Laser Compton Scattering Gamma-rays. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 2017, 64(7), 1635-1640.
[15] Michael Winter; Helmut Koch. Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Plasma Devices –Potential thruster technology for very accurate attitude control systems. The 35th International Electric Propulsion Conference, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, 2017, October 8-12.