Management, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Aug  2020, Pages 1-20; DOI:

Evaluating CCPM Method Versus CPM in Multiple Petrochemical Projects

Management, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Aug  2020, Pages 1-20.


Mohammad Taghipour 1* , Fatemeh Seraj 2 , Mostafa Amin 3 , Maryam Changiz Delivand 4

1 Young Researchers and Elites club, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Ghiaseddin Jamshid Kashani, Non-Profit University, Qazvin, Iran

3 Department of Economics, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

4 Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Received: 4 May 2020; Accepted: 16 May 2020; Published: 22 May 2020

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 4661 | Download 2797


Although project management has long been under consideration and various methods have been proposed for timing projects, but they have not been completely responsive to the needs of the project for increasing productivity and customer satisfaction.  As a result, increased risks and the incompatibility of the project with the initial Base line plan, necessitate using modern techniques (such as CCPM) as opposed to common methods (such as CPM).  And, the cautiousness, and often resistance, of project control users made the researcher implement two of the selected techniques in the breakdown of a petrochemical project – which is a national plan – in the design, supply, and production (EPC) phases, using the results of fundamental research, to evaluate – based on known indicators – and gain better knowledge of the tools.  For ranking the indicators, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used, and to analyze the methods and implement them, software facilities for project control, such as Primavera6 and CCPM+ were used.  Results indicate that there is a philosophical difference between the two approaches, and the reason is using CC in the limitations theory and buffers that cause concentrating on system efficiency and performance and making rules and algorithms, not discussed by the crisis path.  Finally, although the use of CC is complex and requires cultural changes, many ideas can be easily utilized by experienced project managers and become an appropriate competitor for CPM in reducing project time and expense.


CCPM, CPM, Project Management and Control


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Ahani, E. Crisis chain management in controlling projects, final Bachelors project (Industrial engineering, technological industries) – Guiding professor: Dr. Yaghoobi.second semester of 89-90.

[2] Naderipour, M. Project planning and control, Tehran, Planning and management organization of the country, 4th edition, 1379; pp. 105-114.

[3] Shir-Mohammadi, A. Project management and control, 27th edition, JahadDaneshgahi, Isfahan Industrial Unit, 1393; pp. 104.

[4] Robbins, S.Senzo, D. Management basis, Aarabi, M. and Hamidrafeei, M., Tehran, Cultural Studies Office, 1st edition, 1379; pp. 115.

[5] Aladpoosh, H. Project management Institute of America, Project Management Sciences, Hami Cultural-publications center, 2nd edition, 1380; pp. 103.

[6] Davies, J.Mabin V.J.Balderstone, S.J. The theory of constraints: a methodology apart?—a comparison with selected OR/MS methodologies. Omega200533, 506-524.

[7] HermanSAn investigation into the fundamentals of critical chain project schedulingInternational Journal of Project Management, 200119, 363-369.

[8] Cohen, I.; Mandelahum, A.; Shtub, A. Multi-Project Scheduling and Control: A Process-Based Comparative Study of the Critical Chain Methodology and Some Alternatives. Project Management Journal, 20043539.

[9] KaltonA.RobinsonH.Richards, R. Enhanced Critical Chain ProjectManagement via Advanced Planning & Scheduling TechnologyPMICOS Annual Conference2007.

[10] ShenL.ChuaD.K.H. An Investigation of Critical Chain and Lean ProjectScheduling16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction Production Planning and Control, 2006; pp. 679-689.

[11] Taghipour, M.; Seraj, F.; Amir, H.M.; Farahani, K.S. Risk analysis in the management of urban construction projects from the perspective of the employer and the contractor. International Journal of organization Leadership, 2015, 4, 356-373.

[12] Rezvani, B.M.; Taghipour, M. Identification and Management of Risks in Construction Projects. American Journal of Civil Engineering, 2015, 3(5), 170-177.

[13] Taghipour, M.; Mahboobi, M.; Nikoeifar, A.; Soofi, M.E. Analysing the Effects of Physical Conditions of the Workplace on Employee’s Productivity (Including Case Study). International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 2015, 3(4), 111-119.

[14] Baghipour, S.F.; Bozorgi, A.A.; Mououdi, M.A.; Taghipour, M. Modeling of Nurses’ shift Work schedules According to Ergonomics: A case study in Imam sajjad (As) Hospital of Ramsar. Journal of Ergonomics, 2016, 4(1), 1-12.

[15] TaghipourM.; MehrnazB.; KhodarezaeiM.; Farid .FSupply Chain Performance  Evaluation  in the  IT Industry. International Journal of  Recent Research and Applied Studies, 201523(2), 144-156.

[16] Taghipour, M.; Vosough, A.; Kazemi, N.; Ahitabar, P. The Study of the Application of Risk Management in the Operation and Maintenance of Power Plant Projects. International Journal of Business Management, 2018, 3(3), 98-110.

[17] Mahboobi, M.; Taghipour, M.; Azadeh, M. Assessing Ergonomic Risk Factors Using Combined Data Envelopment Analysis and Conventional Methods for an Auto Parts Manufacturer. Work-A Journal of PREVENTION ASSESSMENT '& REHABILITATION (accepted), 2020.

[18] TaghipourM.; ShabrangM.; HabibiM.H.; ShamamiNAssessment and Analysis of Risk Associated with the Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Project Using FMEA TechniqueManagement, 2020, 3(2), 16-33.

[19] Taghipour, M.; Hoseinpour, Z.; Mahboobi, M.; Shabrang, M.; Lashkarian, T. Construction projects risk management by risk allocation approach using PMBOK standard. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 2015, 5(12), 323-329.

[20] Taghipour, M.; Kheirkhahan, H.; Mahboobi, M.; Mohammadi, M. Evaluation of the Relationship between Occupational Accidents and Usage of Personal Protective Equipment in an Auto Making Unit. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science. Engineering and Technology, 2015, 4(9), DOI: 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0409141.

[21] DovDuirRobertB.; TzviRaz. december. Project Management Journal.  Evaluation and criticism of critical chain method in project management, translated by Kani, M.2003.

[22] Cohen, I., A. Mandelbaum, et alMulti-Project Scheduling and Control: A ProcessbasedComparative Study of theCritical Chain Methodology and Some AlternativesProject Management Journal, 200435(2), 39-50.

[23] Herroelen, W.Leus, R. On the Merits and Pitfalls of Critical Chain SchedulingJournal of Operations Management, 200119559-577.

[24] TaghipourM.; SerajF.; SerajM. Necessity Analysis and Optimization of Implementing Projects with The Integration Approach of Risk Management and Value Engineering. Journal of Economics and Management, 2015, 5(1), 330-346.

[25] TaghipourM.; ShamamiN.; LotfiA.; ParvaeiM.SEvaluating Project Planning and Control System in Multi-project Organizations under Fuzzy Data Approach Considering Resource Constraints(Case Study:Wind Tunnel Construction Project). Management, 2020, 3(1), 29-46.

[26] TaghipourM.; MoghadamA.; ShekardashtB.M.NImplementation of Software-Efficient DES Algorithm. Advances in Networks, 20153(1), 7-22.

[27] Hill, J.; Thomas, L.C.Allen, D.EExpert estimates of task durations in sofware development projectsInternational Journal of Project Management200012(1)13-24.

[28] Taghipour .M; Sharifzadeh .S; Seraj .F. ” Risk assessment and analysis of the state DAM  construction projects using FMEA technique”. Trends in Life Sciences An International Peer-reviewed Journal, 2015, 4(2).

[29] TaghipourM.; MahboobiM.; GharagozlouH. The Impact of ICT on Knowledge Sharing Obstacles in Knowledge Management Process (Including Case-Study). Iranian Journal of Information processing and Management, 2016, 31(4)1049-1074.

[30] Golgoon, R. CCPM: Reality or a wish, Fourth international project management conferenceMordad 1387.

[31] TaghipourM.; SaffariK.; SadriN. Assessment of the Relationship Between Knowledge Managment Implementation and Managers Skills (Case Study: Reezmoj System Company in Iran)Science Journal of Business and Management, 2016, 4(4), 114-120.

[32] TaghipourM.; NokhbefallahM.; NosratiF.; YaghoubiJ.; NazemiSEvaluation of the effective variables of the value engineering in services(Qazvin post center case study). Journal of Applied Enviromental and Bilogical Science, 2015, 5(12), 319-322.

[33] Sayyah, M. Using critical chain in order to improve management and uncertainties in projects, Masters Dissertation, Tarbiatmodarres University1380.

[34] Hashemi-Bakhshi, A. Presenting a framework for project management information systems in the critical chain method, Masters Dissertation, TarbiatModarres University1381.

[35] Golgoon, R. Critical chain: A new approach to project management or the same prescription in a new packaging?, R. Golgoon, Fourth international project management conferenceMordad 1387.

[36] Kiani, A.Sardari-salari, F. Analyzing and evaluating the priorities of the public view spaces using the ANP model, BaghNazar scientific research periodical, 8th year, 1390No 18.

Related Articles